Periodontal Pocket Surgery
In health, your gums should be snugly attached to your teeth. When you have periodontal disease, this supporting gum tissue gets inflamed and the underlying bone starts getting destroyed, forming “pockets” around the teeth.
Over time, these pockets become deeper, providing a larger space for bacteria to live accumulate and advance under the gum tissue. If left untreated, these pockets can continue to cause further bone loss and gum inflammation leading to even more deeper pockets. Eventually, if too much bone is lost, the teeth will need to be extracted.
During the surgery, your surgeon opens up the gum tissues to get direct access to the root surfaces of the teeth and removes the disease-causing bacterial plaque and calculus, smoothens the irregular surfaces of the damaged bone, before closing back the gums. This allows the gum tissue to better reattach to healthy bone and consequently reduce the pocket depths.
Sometimes your surgeon may recommend a regenerative procedure when the bone supporting your teeth has been destroyed due to periodontal disease in an attempt can reverse some of the damage by regenerating lost bone and tissue. During this procedure, your surgeon opens the gum tissue and removes the disease-causing bacteria. Membranes, bone grafts or tissue-stimulating proteins can be used to encourage your body’s natural ability to regenerate bone and tissue.